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 Administrative Division:

The state of Assam has 27 districts (including 4 new districts of BTAD) with Kamrup (Rural and Metropolitan) district being the most populous accounting 8.92 % to total population of the state. The population density is highest in the Nagaon district having 604 persons per sq.km. Whereas in the North Cachar Hills population density is only 38 persons per sq.km. The literacy rate is highest in Jorhat district (77.91 %) and is lowest in Dhubri district (49.86%). (Census 2001)

There are Tribal (Bodoland, etc.) and Hill (Karbi Anglong and N.C. Hills) Autonomous Council in which Panchayati Raj system is not in force and most of the department including Health & Family Welfare have been transferred by Govt. of Assam to be run by the Autonomous council. In the Hill districts Principal Secretary Autonomous Council is the Chairman of all health and family welfare committees (Society). In the plain district Deputy Commissioner is the Chairman of District Health & Family Welfare Society / other Committees.

There are 219 development blocks, 2,490 Gaon Panchayats and 26,247 revenue villages. (Census 2001)

The vital statistics and Socio-demographic scenario of the state is depicted as follows:

 Template: 1

Background Characteristics
Data
Geographic Area (in Sq. Kms)
78438
Total population (Census 2001)
26655528
Population  Urban
3439240 (12.90%)
Population Rural
23216288(87.09%)
Population Female (15-49 yrs) - Total
6574794
Population Female (15-49 yrs) – Urban
939909
Population Female (15-49 yrs) - Rural
5634885
Population (0-6 yrs) – Total
4498075
Population (0-6 yrs) – Male
2289116
Population (0-6 yrs) – Female
2208959
SC Population 
1825949 (6.85%)
ST Population
3308570 (12.41%)
Male Population
13777037 (51.68%)
Female Population
12878491 (48.31%)
Decadal Growth Rate
18.85

Area (Sq.Km.)

78438
Population density
339
Literacy rate Total
63.25
Literacy rate – Male
71.28
Literacy rate – Female
54.61
Sex Ratio - Total
935/ 1000
BPL population
36.09 %. (1999-2000,Planning Commission Estimates)
Religion
Predominant-Hinduism, Islam, & Christianity
Language spoken
Assamese, Boro, Bengali, Hindi, English

        

(Source Census, 2001)

 

 
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